*UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai — Mitsuhei Murata’s speech, March 16, 2015

Originally posted on Japan Safety : Nuclear Energy Updates:

The former Japanese ambassador to Switzerland, Mitsuhei Murata, made the following speech at the UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai on March 16, 2015.

” Nuclear disaster and global ethics

Preface

It goes without saying that genuine denuclearization, both military and civilian, makes the greatest contribution to disaster risk reduction.

The increased menace of nuclear terrorism has awakened the world to the urgent task of abolishing all nuclear reactors in the world. It is no longer an ideal, but an imperative necessity to realize the vision of President Obama for a “World without Nuclear Weapons” just as soon as possible.

Global ethics and human rights

Nowadays the drawbacks of nuclear power are evident, and many even consider this method to generate power a high risk. Nuclear technology was born in a period of paternal civilisation and in the belief, that this technology would solve all problems. Today a maternal…

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Tell Energy Commission: Don’t allow cracking nuclear waste canisters

Tell the California Energy Commission (CEC) to change state policy to require nuclear waste storage containers that won’t crack.

Some of California’s thin steel storage canisters may already be cracking and could have a through-wall crack within 8 years, releasing millions of curies of radiation into the environment. Thick cask technology is available internationally that does not have cracking problems and is designed to be maintained.

Submit comments by May 11, 2015 to CEC Docket 15-IEPR-12.  Please share and encourage others to submit comments. See suggested comments below.

HoltecHI-STORM-UMAX-AirFlow

Experimental Holtec HI-STORM UMAX vented underground storage

Southern California Edison plans to spent almost $1.3 billion of limited ratepayer San Onofre decommissioning funds to purchase and manage more of these inferior thin canisters even though they know the problems.

Edison plans to purchase an experimental underground version of this system (Holtec HI-STORM UMAX) that has never been used anywhere in the world. The underground concrete portion of the system cannot easily be inspected and can have corrosion from underground chemicals and moisture.  Your help is needed to stop this purchase.

Suggested comments to CEC Docket 15-IEPR-12:

To: California Energy Commission

Re: Docket 15-IEPR-12 Nuclear Power Plants

California thin spent fuel nuclear waste storage canisters may fail as early as 20 years after first loading.  For San Onofre this would be 8 years from now.  The CEC should include the following state policy recommendations and requirements.  (California Holtec and Areva NUHOMS thin dry storage canisters do not meet these requirements.)

The CEC state nuclear policy should include minimum California dry storage requirements to ensure adequate funding and storage for new 100+ year storage requirements. The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) has cost jurisdiction, but the CEC can establish state policy on this issue, even though the CPUC may be the one to enforce some of this policy as it relates to cost.

1. Do not allow purchase of dry storage technology for California that does not meet these minimum requirements.

2. Maintainable – We do not want to buy these canisters more than once. Seals are maintainable, cracked canisters are not.

3. Early warning prior to failure and prior to radiation leaks.

4. Inspectable, repairable and not subject to cracking, particularly through-wall cracks.

5. Cost-effective for the expected life of the system and transportable.

6. Ability to reload fuel, if required, without destroying storage container.

7. Do not allow purchase of vendor promises – it’s not state policy to purchase non-existent features (e.g., vaporware). That is what we’re being asked to approve with the San Onofre Holtec contract.

8. Require bids from all leading international vendors to ensure the best storage technology available is evaluated and selected. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) must still license the system, but we should be able to select the one that is the most cost-effective and best suited to our environment.

9. Require replacement of existing thin canisters before the time period in which they may fail.

10. Store in hardened concrete buildings for additional environmental protection, similar to what is done in other countries, such as Germany.

11. Require a fully developed mitigation plan be provided by the utilities now.

12. Do not allow destruction of empty spent fuel pools until nuclear waste is removed from site. No other option is available to replace failed canisters.

13. Install continuous radiation monitors with on-line public access. Allow decommissioning funds to be used for this purpose.

14. Continue emergency planning and required funding until waste is removed from California.

See California’s Nuclear Waste Problems and Solutions, Donna Gilmore, IEPR Nuclear Power Workshop presentation, April 27, 2015 https://sanonofresafety.files.wordpress.com/2014/10/dry-cask-storagedgilmore2015apr27.pdf

Thank you.

Print and share suggested letter to CEC.

Background

Watch Dr. Singh, manufacturer of the Holtec canisters admit it not feasible to repair these thin steel canisters. He also states even a microscopic crack will release millions of curies of radiation into the environment.

 

At the Koeberg nuclear plant in South Africa, a similar welded steel component had a through-wall crack in 17 years.  The crack was over 0.60 of an inch (15.5 mm), deeper than the thickness of most of California’s spent fuel canisters. Thin canisters are only 0.5 to 0.625 of an inch thick. Thick casks, used internationally, are up to 20 inches thick.

NRC 08-05-2014 Slide 9 Power Plant with SCC

Southern California Edison quotes a 2014 EPRI report that claims a crack will not occur for over 80 years at San Onofre.  However, the EPRI report excluded the Koeberg plant.  It also excluded environmental conditions that were similar to both Koeberg and San Onofre and other West Coast plants: on-shore winds, crashing surf and frequent fog. These are conditions known to induce chloride-induced stress corrosion cracking.

A Diablo Canyon Holtec two-year old thin canister already has all the conditions for crack initiation. No technology exists to inspect for cracks in canisters filled with spent nuclear fuel, so no one knows if any canisters are cracking. We will only know after they leak radiation into the environment.  It’s up to California to take action on this issue.  The Nuclear Regulatory Commission continues to approve these thin canisters, in spite of these unresolved issues.  They approve them for 20 years and ignore any problems that may occur after 20 years, even though they may need to stay at current sites indefinitely.

Would you buy a car that couldn’t be inspected, repaired, maintained and provided no early warning of a pending failure?  That is similar to what Edison wants us to do. They want us to pay for promises of future solutions.  In state government, they call that “vaporware”. State agencies are not allowed to buy “vaporware”. Even the vendor admits it’s not feasible to repair the thin canisters.

The NRC is allowing the thin canister vendors 5 years to develop inspection technology, even though the best way to inspect for cracks cannot be done with canisters filled with spent nuclear fuel.

The NRC does not consider cost. That’s a state issue. So it’s up to California to make this decision. We cannot afford to buy dry storage systems more than once.

Reasons To Buy Thick Casks

Share this handout with your local, state and federal elected officials and othersReasons to buy thick nuclear waste dry storage casks and myths about nuclear waste storage, April 16, 2015

Learn more at SanOnofreSafety.org

Posted in Action Alert, California Energy Commission, CPUC, Diablo Canyon, Emergency Planning, How to Help, NRC, Nuclear Waste, PG&E, SDG&E, Senator Barbara Boxer, Southern California Edison, Video | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The evidence that radiation from nuclear reactors causes childhood leukemia

Originally posted on GreenWorld:

Radiation spike caused by refueling at one of Bavaria's Gundremmingen reactors. Radiation spike caused by refueling at one of Bavaria’s Gundremmingen reactors.

Last July, we published a piece on recent groundbreaking work from the U.K.’s Dr. Ian Fairlie and the connection between radiation releases from nuclear reactors and childhood leukemia.

We quoted Dr. Fairlie:

“The core issue is that, world-wide, over 60 epidemiological studies have examined cancer incidences in children near nuclear power plants (NPPs): most (>70%) indicate leukemia increases. I can think of no other area of toxicology (eg asbestos, lead, smoking) with so many studies, and with such clear associations as those between NPPs and child leukemias. Yet many nuclear governments and the nuclear industry refute these findings and continue to resist their implications. It’s similar to the situations with cigarette smoking in the 1960s and with man-made global warming nowadays.”

Today, Ian (full disclosure: an old friend and valued colleague) stopped by NIRS’ office to go over a…

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US NRC: Impact of Environmental Conditions on Nuclear Waste Dry Storage, Comment Deadline May 4, 2015, 11.59 pm ET

Originally posted on Mining Awareness Plus:

[Updated 29 Apr; Intro updated 30 Apr; further update later on 30 Apr or 1 May.]
This NUREG looks like a hoax. It does not live up to its title, nor to its scope. One interesting point made, but not evaluated, is that peak cladding temperature (PCT) increases 14.4F for every 10F ambient temperature. The only thing which the NUREG evaluates is low level wind, and it doesn’t do a proper job of that.
Holtec Dry Casks Grand Gulf Miss
Holtec Dry Casks of spent nuclear fuel sweltering on pavement in the Mississippi sun, on the river, with ultra-high humidity. The US NRC allows Holtec and others to pretend that the temperature is only 100F (38C).

Impact of Variation in Environmental Conditions on the Thermal Performance of Dry Storage Casks”, NUREG, US NRC comment deadline MAY 4th-Nuclear Waste Dry Cask Storage Temperature, etc. http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=NRC-2014-0273-0001 ID: NRC-2014-0273-0001
Holtec casks Diablo Dec. 26 2005 or 2006
Dry Casks at Diablo Canyon in California. NRC visit…

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Judge permits Uranium Mining Near Grand Canyon: No Tribal Consult, No Environmental Update; Appeal Expected

Donna Gilmore:

The Colorado River is a source of drinking water for Southern Californians.

Originally posted on Mining Awareness Plus:

D_3516 PREHISTORIC GRANARIES ABOVE NANKOWEAP IN MARBLE CANYON, GRAND CANYON NATIONAL PARK. MARK LELLOUCH, NPS
D_3516 Prehistoric granaries about Nankoweap in Marble Canyon, Grand Canyon National Park. Mark Lellouch, NPS

The nuclear fuel chain destroys the environment and kills from the start, with uranium mining, to the finish, with long-lived, deadly, nuclear waste. Why does the US government refuse to protect America’s National Forests and water supply? Why does it fail to uphold its obligations to the American Indians?Especially at the behest of foreign mining companies? Why must Americans fight foreign companies in court, and even fight Congressmen, to protect the land and water?
Boating down the Colorado River Below Havasu Creek in Grand Canyon National Park, by Mark Lellouch NPS
Boating down the Colorado River Below Havasu Creek in Grand Canyon National Part, by Mark Lellouch, NPS
Grand Canyon NPS
Grand Canyon, National Park Service (NPS)

Press Release from the Center for Biological Diversity:
April 8, 2015

Federal Judge OKs Uranium Mining Next to Grand Canyon National Park

Decision Allows Mining Without Tribal Consultation or Update Decades-old Environmental Review

PHOENIX, Ariz.— U.S. District…

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Childhood Cancer Near Nuclear Power Stations

Originally posted on Mining Awareness Plus:

Another US NRC deadline is upon us for 24 March 2015: https://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2014/11/20/2014-27519/radiation-protection The following article by Dr. Ian Fairlie should prove helpful for the question about embryo-fetal exposure to radiation, dose assessment, and more. Dr. Fairlie has a degree in radiation biology and his doctoral studies concerned the radiological hazards of nuclear fuel reprocessing. [1] His research was instrumental in shutting down Quebec’s nuclear power station. His 2014 article, related to the one below, is discussed here: http://www.ianfairlie.org/news/childhood-leukemias-near-nuclear-power-stations-new-article/ Commentary: childhood cancer near nuclear power stations Ian Fairlie © 2009 Fairlie; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.  p. 1Commentary: childhood cancer near nuclear power stations Ian Fairlie © 2009 Fairlie; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. , p. 2Commentary: childhood cancer near nuclear power stations Ian Fairlie © 2009 Fairlie; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. , p. 3Commentary: childhood cancer near nuclear power stations Ian Fairlie © 2009 Fairlie; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. , p. 4Commentary: childhood cancer near nuclear power stations Ian Fairlie © 2009 Fairlie; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. , p. 5Commentary: childhood cancer near nuclear power stations Ian Fairlie © 2009 Fairlie; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. , p. 6Commentary: childhood cancer near nuclear power stations Ian Fairlie © 2009 Fairlie; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.. p. 7Commentary: childhood cancer near nuclear power stations Ian Fairlie © 2009 Fairlie; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. , p. 8 Commentary: childhood cancer near nuclear power stations Ian Fairlie © 2009 Fairlie; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. , p. 9Commentary: childhood cancer near nuclear power stations Ian Fairlie © 2009 Fairlie; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. , p. 10Commentary: childhood cancer near nuclear power stations Ian Fairlie © 2009 Fairlie; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. , p. 11Commentary: childhood cancer near nuclear power stations Ian Fairlie © 2009 Fairlie; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. , p. 12 Highlight-Underline added. Original document here: http://www.ehjournal.net/content/8/1/43

Note that many nuclear reactors do “Batch releases” of radionuclides into the air, and/or water, multiple times per year and not only when the fuel is changed. That is, some reactors leak constantly and some hold back the leaks until some of the short-lived radionuclides have become less radioactive or non-radioactive. Then they release the remaining longer and long-lived radionuclides all at once as “effluent”. Dilution…

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10/21/2015 Laguna Woods City Council approves San Onofre nuclear waste resolution

Laguna Woods City Council adopted San Onofre Resolution 15-02 regarding concerns about continued storage of 1,609 metric tons of highly radioactive spent nuclear fuel at San Onofre.  It states that while waste remains on-site “…it must be stored in a manner that is as safe as possible including, but not limited to, that it is inspectable, transportable, and includes continuous, real-time monitoring information that is made available to the public…” and

“…that the proper storage and disposition of spent nuclear fuel must be a consideration in the decommissioning process and that the decommissioning plan must not be considered complete until those issues are resolved…”

See Laguna Woods Resolution 15-02 SONGS Storage and Spent Nuclear Fuel, January 21, 2015.

HoltecHI-STORM-UMAX-AirFlow

Holtec HI-STORM UMAX air flow around thin walled canister

Community members spoke about significant and urgent issues concerning Southern California Edison’s plan to spend almost $1.3 billion for a Holtec UMAX canister system that cannot be inspected or adequately maintained.

A similar Holtec canister at Diablo Canyon has conditions for cracking after only two years of use due to salt in the marine environment, yet Edison is ignoring this and other critical issues. See Reasons to buy thick nuclear waste dry storage casks and myths about nuclear waste storage.

The Laguna Woods resolution along with a letter from the Mayor will be sent to state and federal regulators and elected officials urging them to join immediately in efforts set forth in this resolution. The resolution was adopted at the January 21, 2015 City Council Meeting.

The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) has not approved funds for the Holtec UMAX canister system. A pre-conference hearing on the CPUC San Onofre decommissioning proceeding (A1412007) will be held at the CPUC in San Francisco on March 2nd at 2:00 pm.  This January 9, 2015 response to Edison’s San Onofre Decommissioning Plan and Costs was submitted to the CPUC, expressing numerous concerns with Edison’s plans.

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has not approved the Holtec UMAX canister system Edison selected. Here are public comments submitted regarding why the Holtec UMAX system should not be approved by the NRC.

Edison has not considered the impact of on-site indefinite storage and the NRC has not completed their assessment of regulatory changes needed after the NRC August 26, 2014 decision allowing on-site indefinite storage. Here are San Onofre Safety comments submitted to the NRC regarding the San Onofre decommissioning plan and costs.

Most of the U.S. uses thin canister designs, such as Holtec. Most of the rest of the world uses thick casks that do not have the thin canister problems.  The NRC Division of Spent Fuel Management has chosen to weaken dry storage standards rather than raise them, in spite of the new requirement of indefinite on-site storage.  Learn more at SanOnofreSafety.org.

Reasons To Buy Thick Casks

Posted in City Council, CPUC, Diablo Canyon, Events, Nuclear Waste, PG&E, Press Release, Radiation Monitoring, SDG&E, Senator Barbara Boxer, Southern California Edison | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment